Reproductive rights afford women the ability to decide the number, timing, and spacing of children, access to the information and resources needed to exercise voluntary choice, and the right to the highest attainable standard of health. Restrictions on women’s reproductive rights have the potential to shape women’s socioeconomic trajectories across their life course, with implications for population health. Ongoing research at MAC involves the impact of reproductive rights policies on maternal and child health outcomes across US states. We seek to identify policies that individually and collectively influence women’s risk for adverse birth outcomes, infant, and maternal mortality. This line of research is imperative to the passage of more evidence-based and less ideologically driven policy to protect the health of all women and children in this country.