Information about Time, Space, and Lactation Policies

Providing time and space for milk expression (also known as pumping milk) is necessary to keep breastfeeding going if mothers and their babies cannot be together during the work day. Having a lactation policy in place to make sure that all female employees know that their workplace provides break time and space for pumping is important!

Check out these handouts for more information:
For Moms
For Employers

Check out this video on space solutions for creating a Breastfeeding space in your workplace


  • The best way to maintain lactation after returning to work is to schedule time to breastfeed the baby during the workday. However, if that is not possible, pumping breaks sustain lactation and help a female employee to reach her personal goals as a mother.
  • Missing even one pumping session can have negative side effects, including discomfort, leaking, infection, a drop in milk supply, and in the end, stopping breastfeeding.

How often should you pump?
If a woman works an 8-hour day, with no access to her baby during that time, she normally will need to take 2-3 breaks to pump milk. In a 12-hour shift, she will need 3-4 breaks. As the baby gets older and starts eating some solid foods, the number of times women need to pump will decrease.

How long will it take to pump milk each time?
When direct breastfeeding is not possible, a good double electric pump is a great way to remove milk from the breast. If using a double-sided electric pump, each pumping session will take about 15-30 minutes, plus time to get to and from the lactation space.

Where can you get a pump?
To learn how to obtain a breast pump through your insurance plan, call National Rehab Equipment, Inc. 1-800-451-6510.
National Rehab Specialists are able to find out which breast pumps your plan will pay for, obtain the necessary paperwork, and bill your insurance carrier on your behalf.

At minimum, a space designated for pumping milk should include these things:

  • It should be about 4 × 5 feet or larger – a storage closet can often be an adequate space!
  • Room or space is clean
  • Electrical Outlet (standard 110V)- If this is not possible, an extension cord could work or the mother can use a battery-operated pump
  • Room locks from the inside. If this is not possible, the space should have a sign on the outside saying when someone is inside
  • Comfortable chair
  • Table or flat surface to hold the breast pump
  • Room is located near a source of running water. If running water is not available, hand sanitizer and disinfectant wipes or spray can work
  • Employee stores milk in a public area refrigerator or personal cooler.

Here are some sample policies that can be modified for any type of business:

Sample Workplace Lactation Policy 1
Sample Workplace Lactation Policy 2
Sample Workplace Lactation Policy 3